If an amblyopia diagnosis is confirmed, your doctor will most likely begin with corrective eyewear to address the refractive error. Consistent use of glasses or contacts is imperative. If any cataracts are present, they will be removed so that the vision can become clearer. Lastly, the amblyopic eye will be strengthened with consistent use. In order to do this, the better-seeing eye will be patched, or eye drops will be administered to effectively “blur” its vision.
As you can imagine, it can be a challenge for young children to wear an eye patch. However, patching is the most predictable and successful treatment option. This type of treatment will require patience, persistence, and encouragement. Because patching works faster for younger children, it is important to begin treatment as soon as possible. Your doctor will inform you exactly how long the patch should be worn every day. As long as the child is conscious with his or her eyes open, the visual input will be processed. Some experts believe that up close activities such as reading, coloring, or hand-held video games are more stimulating to the brain, and therefore produce faster results.