Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy is a chronic corneal condition that typically affects both eyes and can worsen over time. Although the exact cause is unknown, it most often occurs in patients 50 years or older who have a genetic predisposition. Contact us today to learn more.
Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy is caused when the innermost layer of cells in the cornea (the endothelium) degenerates in one or both eyes. The endothelium is responsible for maintaining proper vision by pumping out excess fluid in the cornea. When the endothelial cells diminish, the cornea will begin to swell and thicken. As the disease progresses, it can cause painful blisters and other serious side effects, such as blurred vision and even blindness. If caught early, this condition can be effectively treated.
Your condition can be easily detected through a series of tests during a comprehensive eye exam with one of our doctors. Your doctor will measure the thickness of the cornea and look for abnormalities in the endothelial cells using high magnification and a slit lamp, a tool that shines a thin sheet of light into the eye.
In the earliest stages of Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy, your Ophthalmologist may recommend a series of medicated eye drops to remove excess water from the cornea and reduce eye pressure. For advanced cases, a partial thickness corneal transplant may be necessary.
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